Horsegram has the highest calcium content among pulses and is one of the richest vegetarian sources of protein. It is time go beyond the regular legumes we consume daily and discover some awesome nutrition packed legumes like Horsegram and Adzuki beans.
Horsegram or Kulthi
Protein packed legume Horsegram also known as kulthi , Gahat, hurali, kulth is well known for its exceptional food and medicinal value. However it is a under-utilised food and also known as poor man’s grain. In fact, horsegram has the highest calcium content among pulses and is one of the richest vegetarian sources of protein. Archaeological investigations have revealed the use of horsegram as food around 2000 BC the Brahadaranyaka (c. 5500 BC). This indicates that horsegram is native to the Indian subcontinent. Let us run you through numerous health & medicinal benefits of horsegram:
· Rich in iron, calcium and protein.
· Low in fat and high content of carbohydrate
· Horsegram has slow digestible starch which makes it ideal for diabetic and obesity patients
· It is beneficial in cough & breathing problems due to phlegm, hiccups, asthma, bronchitis and fever
· Horsegram also eliminates germs and worms
· If used in food it cures stomach ailments like indigestion, peptic ulcers, flatulence, intestinal colic, liver trouble, piles
· Horsegram cures kidney stones. Soak the horse gram overnight in water and drink the same water daily. According to traditional healers regular intake of this water up to forty days removes stones completely from kidneys
· Include horsegram in your diet in order to prevent the formation of new stones.
· The horsegram seed is bitter, acrid, hot (one must avoid its use during hot summer as the protein is very high) but it keeps you warm in winters
· It is useful in treatment of tumours, urinary discharges, heart-troubles, conjunctivitis, leucoderma, inflammation, etc.
· It is also used for the treatment of leucorrhoea, menstrual problems
However, horsegram is harmful for pregnant woman, or a person suffering from tuberculosis. It also causes the formation of excessive bile. On the other hand it is a very environment friendly drought-resistant crop and adds to the fertility of the soil where it grows.
Watch this space for more on legumes..
About the author
Dr. J C Rana is a Scientist currently the heading the Division of Germplasm Evaluation, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, New Delhi. He has received several awards & honours few of which are:
Fellow Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding
Fellow Indian Society of Plant Genetic Resources